This report is provided "as is" for informational purposes only. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not provide any warranties of any kind regarding any information contained herein. The DHS does not endorse any commercial product or service referenced in this bulletin or otherwise.
This document is marked TLP:WHITE--Disclosure is not limited. Sources may use TLP:WHITE when information carries minimal or no foreseeable risk of misuse, in accordance with applicable rules and procedures for public release. Subject to standard copyright rules, TLP:WHITE information may be distributed without restriction. For more information on the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP), see http://www.cisa.gov/tlp.
CISA received two (2) files for analysis. The files are Pulse Secure Common Gateway Interface (CGI) scripts that have been modified. The primary purpose of these system modifications is to provide a remote operator Command and Control (C2) access over a compromised device running the modified scripts. This analysis is derived from malicious files found on Pulse Connect Secure devices.
For a downloadable copy of IOCs, see: MAR-10334057-2.v1.WHITE.stix.
Submitted Files (2)
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This file is a Pulse Secure CGI script with malicious code patched to the end of the file (Figure 1, 2 and 3).
Figure 1 - Screenshot of the patched in malicious code at the end of healthcheck.cgi. This section contains the encryption scheme employed by the malware.
Figure 2 - Screenshot of the patched in malicious code at the end of healthcheck.cgi, continued from Figure 1. This screenshot contains function (sub c) which is called under condition 2 and function (sub d) which is called under condition 1.
Figure 3 - Screenshot of the patched in malicious code at the end of healthcheck.cgi, continued from Figure 1. This screenshot contains function (sub e) which is called under condition 3 and the function (sub f) which decides the execution of functions (sub c, d and e) depending on the input parameters.
No matches found.
No matches found.
This file is a modified version of a Pulse Secure Perl CGI file (Figure 4). It is designed to perform an initial check to determine whether data was passed into the web application within a parameter named "id". If this parameter is provided, the code will extract its contents and execute them on the target system using the system() function. If no "id" parameter is passed to the application, the code will simply execute the main() function of the original Pulse Secure application.
Figure 4 - Screenshot of the malicious code patched-in to the end-of-file.
CISA recommends that users and administrators consider using the following best practices to strengthen the security posture of their organization's systems. Any configuration changes should be reviewed by system owners and administrators prior to implementation to avoid unwanted impacts.
Additional information on malware incident prevention and handling can be found in National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Special Publication 800-83, "Guide to Malware Incident Prevention & Handling for Desktops and Laptops".
CISA continuously strives to improve its products and services. You can help by answering a very short series of questions about this product at the following URL: https://us-cert.cisa.gov/forms/feedback/
What is a MIFR? A Malware Initial Findings Report (MIFR) is intended to provide organizations with malware analysis in a timely manner. In most instances this report will provide initial indicators for computer and network defense. To request additional analysis, please contact CISA and provide information regarding the level of desired analysis.
What is a MAR? A Malware Analysis Report (MAR) is intended to provide organizations with more detailed malware analysis acquired via manual reverse engineering. To request additional analysis, please contact CISA and provide information regarding the level of desired analysis.
Can I edit this document? This document is not to be edited in any way by recipients. All comments or questions related to this document should be directed to the CISA at 1-888-282-0870 or CISA Service Desk.
Can I submit malware to CISA? Malware samples can be submitted via three methods:
CISA encourages you to report any suspicious activity, including cybersecurity incidents, possible malicious code, software vulnerabilities, and phishing-related scams. Reporting forms can be found on CISA's homepage at www.cisa.gov.
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