ICS Advisory (ICSA-21-257-08)

Siemens Teamcenter

Click to Tweet.
Click to send to Facebook.
Click to Share.

Legal Notice

All information products included in https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics are provided "as is" for informational purposes only. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not provide any warranties of any kind regarding any information contained within. DHS does not endorse any commercial product or service, referenced in this product or otherwise. Further dissemination of this product is governed by the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP) marking in the header. For more information about TLP, see https://us-cert.cisa.gov/tlp/.


 

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 7.2
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: Teamcenter
  • Vulnerability: Privilege Defined with Unsafe Actions, Authorization Bypass Through User-Controlled Key, Improper Restriction of XML External Entity Reference

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to view sensitive files, bypass authorization, or take over another account.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of Teamcenter, a virtualization platform, are affected:
Teamcenter 12.4: All versions prior to 12.4.0.8
Teamcenter 13.0: All versions prior to 13.0.0.7
Teamcenter 13.1: All versions prior to 13.1.0.5
Teamcenter 13.2: All versions prior to 13.2.0.2

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1    PRIVILEGE DEFINED WITH UNSAFE ACTIONS CWE-267

The “surrogate” functionality on the user profile of the application does not perform sufficient access control, which may allow an account takeover. Any profile on the application can perform this attack and access any other user assigned tasks via the “inbox/surrogate tasks.”

CVE-2021-40354 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.1 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:L/A:N).

3.2.2    AUTHORIZATION BYPASS THROUGH USER-CONTROLLED KEY CWE-639

The affected application contains an insecure direct object reference (IDOR) vulnerability, which may allow an attacker to use user-supplied input to access objects directly.

CVE-2021-40355 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.2 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.3    IMPROPER RESTRICTION OF XML EXTERNAL ENTITY REFERENCE CWE-611

The application contains an XML external entity injection (XXE) vulnerability, which may allow an attacker to view files on the application server filesystem.

CVE-2021-40356 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Multiple Sectors
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany

3.4 RESEARCHER

Nicolas Verdier from TEHTRIS reported these vulnerabilities to Siemens.

4. MITIGATIONS

Siemens has released updates for the affected products and recommends updating to the latest versions at https://support.sw.siemens.com/ (login required): 

  • Teamcenter 12.4: Update to v12.4.0.8 or later
  • Teamcenter 13.0: Update to v13.0.0.7 or later
  • Teamcenter 13.1: Update to v13.1.0.5 or later
  • Teamcenter 13.2: Update to v13.2.0.2 or later

Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations that users can apply to reduce the risk:

  • Avoid opening untrusted files in Teamcenter
  • Harden the application’s host to prevent local access by untrusted personnel

As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. In order to operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends to configure the environment according to the Siemens operational guidelines for industrial security, and to follow the recommendations in the product manuals.

Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found at: https://www.siemens.com/industrialsecurity

For more information about this issue, please see Siemens Security Advisory SSA-987403

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as its connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks: 

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics 
or incident reporting:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/report

CISA continuously strives to improve its products and services. You can help by choosing one of the links below to provide feedback about this product.

This product is provided subject to this Notification and this Privacy & Use policy.

Please share your thoughts.

We recently updated our anonymous product survey; we'd welcome your feedback.