ICS Advisory (ICSA-21-147-05)

Mitsubishi Electric MELSEC iQ-R Series

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 5.3
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Mitsubishi Electric
  • Equipment: MELSEC iQ-R Series
  • Vulnerability: Uncontrolled Resource Consumption

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may prevent legitimate clients from connecting to an affected product.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following MELSEC iQ-R series CPU modules are affected:

  • R00/01/02CPU: All versions
  • R04/08/16/32/120(EN)CPU: All versions
  • R08/16/32/120SFCPU: All versions
  • R08/16/32/120PCPU: All versions
  • R08/16/32/120PSFCPU: All versions

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1    UNCONTROLLED RESOURCE CONSUMPTION CWE-400

Due to improper session management, an attacker may prevent legitimate clients from connecting to an affected product by not properly closing a connection. If multiple MELSOFT transmission ports (TCP/IP) are open, the other ports are not affected. Sequence control is not affected by this vulnerability.

CVE-2021-20591 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Japan

3.4 RESEARCHER

Younes Dragoni of Nozomi Networks reported this vulnerability to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Mitsubishi Electric recommends the following mitigations:

  • Use a firewall, a virtual private network (VPN), etc., to prevent unauthorized access when Internet access is required.
  • Use within a LAN and block access from untrusted networks and hosts through firewalls.
  • Use the IP filter function to restrict the connectable IP addresses. See MELSEC iQ-R Ethernet User’s Manual (Application) 1.13 Security “IP filter” for more information.
  • Use the MELSOFT transmission port (UDP/IP).
  • If Port 5007 of the MELSOFT transmission port (TCP/IP) is not used, set b2 to "1" in advance. See MELSEC iQ-R Ethernet User’s Manual (Application) Appendix 3, Buffer Memory for more information.

If this vulnerability is exploited, legitimate users can recover by first disabling the port with the forced connection invalidation function and then re-enabling the port. For an example see MELSEC iQ-R Ethernet User’s Manual (Application) Appendix 3, Buffer Memory.

Please refer to the Mitsubishi Electric advisory for further details. 

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics 
or incident reporting:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/report

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