ICS Advisory (ICSA-21-068-01)

Siemens SIMATIC S7-PLCSIM

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 5.5
  • ATTENTION: Low skill level to exploit
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: SIMATIC S7-PLCSIM v5.4
  • Vulnerabilities: Infinite Loop, NULL Pointer Dereference, Divide by Zero

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker with local access to craft special project files that may lead to denial-of-service attacks.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following Siemens products are affected:

  • SIMATICS S7-PLCSIM v5.4: All versions

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1    LOOP WITH UNREACHABLE EXIT CONDITION ('INFINITE LOOP') CWE-835

An attacker with local access to the system could cause a denial-of-service condition in the application when it is used to open a specially crafted file. As a result, the application could enter an infinite loop, become unresponsive, and must be restarted to restore the service.

CVE-2021-25673 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.2.2    NULL POINTER DEREFERENCE CWE-476

An attacker with local access to the system could cause a denial-of-service condition in the application when it is used to open a specially crafted file. As a result, a NULL pointer deference condition could cause the application to terminate unexpectedly and must be restarted to restore the service.

CVE-2021-25674 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.2.3    DIVIDE BY ZERO CWE-369

An attacker with local access to the system could cause a denial-f-service condition in the application when it is used to open a specially crafted file. As a result, a divide by zero operation could occur and cause the application to terminate unexpectedly and must be restarted to restore the service.

CVE-2021-25675 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Multiple Sectors
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany

3.4 RESEARCHER

Siemens reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce risk:

  • Restrict access to project files on the engineering station to trusted users.
  • Only use project files from trusted sources.

As a general security measure, Siemens recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. In order to operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to the Siemens operational guidelines for Industrial Security and following the recommendations in the product manuals.

For additional information, please refer to Siemens Security Advisory SSA-256092

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities are not exploitable remotely.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics 
or incident reporting:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/report

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