ICS Advisory (ICSA-21-012-05)

Siemens SCALANCE X Products

Legal Notice

All information products included in https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics are provided "as is" for informational purposes only. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not provide any warranties of any kind regarding any information contained within. DHS does not endorse any commercial product or service, referenced in this product or otherwise. Further dissemination of this product is governed by the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP) marking in the header. For more information about TLP, see https://us-cert.cisa.gov/tlp/.


 

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 9.8
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: SCALANCE X Products
  • Vulnerabilities: Missing Authentication for Critical Function, Heap-based Buffer Overflow

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could cause denial-of-service conditions and further impact the system through heap and buffer overflows.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

Siemens reports that these vulnerabilities affect the following SCALANCE X products: 

  • SCALANCE X-200 switch family (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): All versions
  • SCALANCE X-200IRT switch family (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): All versions
  • SCALANCE X-300 switch family (incl. X408 and SIPLUS NET variants): All versions prior to v4.1.0

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1    MISSING AUTHENTICATION FOR CRITICAL FUNCTION CWE-306

This vulnerability could allow an unauthenticated attacker to reboot the device over the network by using special URLs from integrated web server of the affected products. 

CVE-2020-15799 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

3.2.2    HEAP-BASED BUFFER OVERFLOW CWE-122

The webserver of the affected devices contains a vulnerability that may lead to a heap-overflow condition. An attacker could cause this condition on the webserver by sending specially crafted requests. This could stop the webserver temporarily. 

CVE-2020-15800 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.3    HEAP-BASED BUFFER OVERFLOW CWE-122

The web server of the affected devices contains a vulnerability that may lead to a buffer-overflow condition. An attacker could cause this condition on the webserver by sending a specially crafted request. The webserver could stop and not recover. 

CVE-2020-25226 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND\

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany

3.4 RESEARCHER

Siemens reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Siemens has released updates for several affected products and recommends updating to the latest version(s). Siemens recommends countermeasures where fixes are not currently available.

Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce the risk:

  • Limit network traffic of web servers of SCALANCE X switches to trusted connections by firewall rules (Port 443/TCP).

As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. In order to operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to the Siemens operational guidelines for Industrial Security and following the recommendations in the product manuals.
For additional information, please refer to Siemens Security Advisory SSA-139628

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities. 


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics 
or incident reporting:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/report

CISA continuously strives to improve its products and services. You can help by choosing one of the links below to provide feedback about this product.

This product is provided subject to this Notification and this Privacy & Use policy.

Please share your thoughts.

We recently updated our anonymous product survey; we'd welcome your feedback.