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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 9.8
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely
- Vendor: Treck Inc.
- Equipment: TCP/IP
- Vulnerability: Heap-based Buffer Overflow, Out-of-bounds Read, Out-of-bounds Write
The Treck TCP/IP stack may be known by other names such as Kasago TCP/IP, ELMIC, Net+ OS, Quadnet, GHNET v2, Kwiknet, or AMX.
2. UPDATE INFORMATION
This updated advisory is a follow-up to the original advisory titled ICSA-20-353-01 Treck TCP/IP Stack that was published December 18, 2020, to the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov.
3. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow remote code execution and a denial-of-service condition.
4. TECHNICAL DETAILS
4.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following components of Treck TCP/IP stack Version 188.8.131.52 and prior are affected:
- HTTP Server
4.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
A vulnerability in Treck HTTP Server components allow an attacker to cause a denial-of-service condition. This vulnerability may also result in arbitrary code execution.
An out-of-bounds write in the IPv6 component may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially cause a possible denial-of-service via network access.
An issue was discovered in Treck IPv6. An out-of-bound read in the DHCPv6 client component may allow an unauthenticated user to cause a possible denial-of-service via adjacent network access.
Improper input validation in the IPv6 component may allow an unauthenticated user to cause an out-of-bounds read of up to three bytes via network access.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing, Information Technology, Healthcare and Public Health, Transportation Systems
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: United States
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Arie Haenel, Ofek Mostovoy, Yaakov Cohen, Yocheved Butterman, and Yossef Kuszer from Intel reported these vulnerabilities to Treck.
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Treck recommends users apply the latest version of the affected products (Treck TCP/IP 184.108.40.206 or later versions). To obtain patches, email email@example.com
Treck recommends users who cannot apply the latest patches to implement firewall rules to filter out packets that contain a negative content length in the HTTP header.
For more detailed information on the vulnerabilities and the mitigating controls, please see the Treck advisory.
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
High skill level is needed to exploit. No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.
For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870
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