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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 5.3
- ATTENTION: Low skill level to exploit
- Vendor: Siemens
- Equipment: SIMATIC S7-300 and S7-400 CPUs
- Vulnerability: Insufficiently Protected Credentials
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could result in credential disclosure.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
Siemens reports the vulnerability affects the following versions of SIMATIC S7-300 and S7-400 CPU families:
- SIMATIC S7-300 CPU family (incl. related ET200 CPUs and SIPLUS variants): All versions
- SIMATIC S7-400 CPU family (incl. SIPLUS variants): All versions
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
The authentication protocol between a client and a PLC via Port 102/TCP (ISO-TSAP) insufficiently protects the transmitted password. This could allow an attacker that is able to intercept the network traffic to obtain valid PLC credentials.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
Hyunguk Yoo from University of New Orleans and Irfan Ahmed and Adeen Ayub from Virginia Commonwealth University reported this vulnerability to Siemens.
Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce the risk:
- Apply defense-in-depth concepts.
- Apply cell protection concepts.
- For SIMATIC S7-CPU 410 CPUs: Activate field interface security in PCS 7 v9.0, and use a CP443-1 Adv. to communicate with ES/OS
As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. In order to operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens’ operational guidelines for Industrial Security, and following the recommendations in the product manuals.
Follow this link for additional information on Industrial Security by Siemens.
For more information on this vulnerability and the associated mitigations, please see Siemens security advisory SSA-381684
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability. This vulnerability is not exploitable from adjacent networks.
For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:
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