ICS Advisory (ICSA-20-161-05)

Siemens SIMATIC, SINAMICS

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 7.8
  • ATTENTION: Low skill level to exploit
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: SIMATIC, SINAMICS
  • Vulnerabilities: Uncontrolled Search Path Element, Heap-based Buffer Overflow

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to affect the availability of the devices under certain conditions.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following Siemens products are affected:

  • SIMATIC PCS 7: All versions
  • SIMATIC PDM: All versions
  • SIMATIC STEP 7 v5.X: All versions prior to 5.6 SP2 HF3
  • SINAMICS STARTER (containing STEP 7 OEM version): All versions prior to 5.4 HF1

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1    UNCONTROLLED SEARCH PATH ELEMENT CWE-427

The affected product is vulnerable to DLL hijacking, which may allow an attacker with local access to execute code with elevated privileges.

CVE-2020-7585 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.2    HEAP-BASED BUFFER OVERFLOW CWE-122

The affected product is vulnerable to a stack-based buffer overflow, which may allow an attacker with local access to cause a denial-of-service condition.

CVE-2020-7586 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Chemical, Energy, Food and Agriculture, Water and Wastewater Systems
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany

3.4 RESEARCHER

Uri Katz of Claroty reported these vulnerabilities to Siemens.

4. MITIGATIONS

Siemens recommends applying updates, where available:

  • SIMATIC STEP 7 v5.X: Update to v5.6 SP2 HF3 or later
  • SINAMICS STARTER (containing STEP 7 OEM version): Update to v5.4 HF1 or later

Siemens recommends the following to reduce the risk:

  • Restrict access to project files on the engineering station to trusted users.
  • Only use project files from trusted sources.

As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. In order to operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to the Siemens operational guidelines for Industrial Security and following the recommendations in the product manuals.

For additional information, please refer to Siemens Security Advisory SSA-689942

CISA recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks: 

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities are not exploitable remotely.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://www.us-cert.gov/ics 
or incident reporting:  https://www.us-cert.gov/report

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