ICS Advisory (ICSA-20-105-04)

Siemens Climatix

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 6.1
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: Climatix
  • Vulnerability: Cross-site Scripting, Basic XSS

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code to access confidential information without authentication.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following products of the Climatix product line are affected:

  • Climatix POL908 (BACnet/IP module); all versions.
  • Climatix POL909 (AWM module); all versions

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF INPUT DURING WEB PAGE GENERATION ('CROSS-SITE SCRIPTING') CWE-79

The affected product could allow an unauthenticated remote attacker to compromise the confidentiality and integrity of other users’ web sessions.

CVE-2020-7574 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 6.1 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N).

3.2.2    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SCRIPT-RELATED HTML TAGS IN A WEB PAGE (‘BASIC XSS’) CWE-80

The affected product could allow an unauthenticated remote attacker to compromise the confidentiality and integrity of other users’ web sessions.

CVE-2020-7575 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 6.1 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Commercial Facilities
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany

3.4 RESEARCHER

Ezequiel Fernandez from Dreamlab Technologies reported this vulnerability to Siemens.

4. MITIGATIONS

Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce the risk:

  • Update Climatix POL908 and POL909 to v11.22 or later. This update does not solve the XSS issues, but disables the web interface by default, as it is no longer needed in standard use cases.
  • Climatix POL908 is designed to be operated in protected BACnet/IP networks only. Do not connect it to other networks, such as an Office LAN or the Internet. Also consider removing POL908, as the integrated BACnet/IP implementation in newer versions of Climatix 600 controllers is already sufficient for your environment.

The following mitigation measures apply only if the web interface is activated (e.g., via the Climatix SCOPE tool):

  • Climatix POL909: When configuring your custom web application, disable the access to the default webpages provided by POL909.
  • Enforce authentication for the web interface and change the default password of the standard ADMIN user.
  • Disable JavaScript within the web browser used to access the web server of Climatix POL908.
  • Utilize a modern web browser with integrated XSS filtering mechanisms.

Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found at: https://www.siemens.com/industrialsecurity

For further inquiries on security vulnerabilities in Siemens products and solutions, please contact Siemens ProductCERT.

For more information on this vulnerability, please see Siemens security advisory SSA-886514

CISA recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks: 

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://www.us-cert.gov/ics 
or incident reporting:  https://www.us-cert.gov/report

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