All information products included in https://us-cert.gov/ics are provided "as is" for informational purposes only. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not provide any warranties of any kind regarding any information contained within. DHS does not endorse any commercial product or service, referenced in this product or otherwise. Further dissemination of this product is governed by the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP) marking in the header. For more information about TLP, see https://www.us-cert.gov/tlp/.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 5.3
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
- Vendor: ABB
- Equipment: Relion 650 and 670 Series
- Vulnerability: Improper Input Validation
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow an attacker to reboot the device, causing a denial of service.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following versions of Relion, a protection and control device, are affected:
- Relion 650 series versions 18.104.22.168 and prior
- Relion 670 series versions 22.214.171.124 and prior
- Relion 670 series versions 126.96.36.199 and prior
- Relion 670 series versions 188.8.131.52 and prior
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
An attacker may use a specially crafted message to force the device to reboot, which could cause a denial of service.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing, Energy
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Switzerland
Ilya Karpov, Evgeniy Druzhinin, and Victor Nikitin of ScadaX reported this vulnerability to ABB.
ABB recommends that users apply the following or later versions at the earliest convenience:
- Relion 650 series version 184.108.40.206
- Relion 670 series version 220.127.116.11
- Relion 670 series version 18.104.22.168
- Relion 670 series version 22.214.171.124
Updates can be ordered by email at: firstname.lastname@example.org
ABB also recommends that these and other proper security practices and firewall configurations be implemented to help protect a process control network from attacks originating outside the network:
- Process control systems are physically protected from direct access by unauthorized personnel.
- Process control systems have no direct connections to the Internet.
- Process control systems are separated from other networks by means of a firewall system that has a minimal number of ports/services exposed.
- Process control systems should not be used for Internet surfing, instant messaging, or receiving e-mails.
- Portable computers and removable storage media should be carefully scanned for viruses before they are connected to a control system.
More information on recommended practices can be found in the ABB Cybersecurity Deployment Guidelines for each product version.
ABB has not identified any workaround; however, firewall rules could be set to block incoming traffic to Port 7001/TCP that originate from outside the network.
In the Relion 650 series Version 1.3, the SPA protocol over TCP/IP could be disabled if it is not in use.
For more information, see the ABB Cybersecurity Advisory 1MRG027165
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.
For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870
CISA continuously strives to improve its products and services. You can help by choosing one of the links below to provide feedback about this product.