ICS Advisory (ICSA-19-253-03)

Siemens Industrial Products (Update I)

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 7.5
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: Industrial Products
  • Vulnerabilities: Excessive Data Query Operations in a Large Data Table, Integer Overflow or Wraparound, Uncontrolled Resource Consumption

2. UPDATE INFORMATION

This updated advisory is a follow-up to the updated advisory titled ICSA-19-253-03 Siemens Industrial Products (Update H) that was published August 11, 2020, to the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov.

3. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could cause denial-of-service condition.

4. TECHNICAL DETAILS

4.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

Siemens reports the vulnerabilities affect the following industrial products:

  • CloudConnect 712: All versions prior to 1.1.5
  • ROX II: All versions prior to 2.13.3 (Only vulnerable to CVE-2019-11479)
  • RUGGEDCOM APE 1404 Linux: All versions prior to Debian 9 Linux Image 2019-12-13 (only affected by CVE-2019-11479)
  • RUGGEDCOM RM1224: All versions prior to 6.2
  • RUGGEDCOM RX 1400 VPE Debian Linux: All versions prior to Debian 9 Linux Image 2019-12-13 (only affected by CVE-2019-11479)
  • RUGGEDCOM RX 1400 VPE Linux CloudConnect: All versions prior to Debian 9 Linux Image 2019-12-13 13 (only affected by CVE-2019-11479)
  • SCALANCE M800 / S615: All versions prior to 6.2
  • SCALANCE M875: All versions
  • SCALANCE SC-600: All versions prior to 2.0.1
  • SCALANCE W1700: All versions prior to 2.0
  • SCALANCE W-700 (IEEE 802.11n): All versions prior to 6.4
  • SCALANCE WLC711: All versions
  • SCALANCE WLC712: All versions
  • SIMATIC CM 1542-1: All versions
  • SIMATIC ITC1500: All versions
  • SIMATIC ITC1500 PRO: All versions
  • SIMATIC ITC1900: All versions
  • SIMATIC ITC1900 PRO: All versions
  • SIMATIC ITC2200: All versions
  • SIMATIC ITC2200 PRO: All versions
  • SIMATIC MV500: All versions
  • SIMATIC NET CP 1242-7: All versions prior to 3.2
  • SIMATIC NET CP 1243-1 (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): All versions prior to 3.2
  • SIMATIC NET CP 1243-7 LTE EU: All versions prior to 3.2
  • SIMATIC NET CP 1243-7 LTE US: All versions prior to 3.2
  • SIMATIC NET CP 1243-8 IRC: All versions prior to 3.2
  • SIMATIC NET CP 1542SP-1: All versions prior to 2.1
  • SIMATIC NET CP 1542SP-1 IRC (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): All versions prior to 2.1
  • SIMATIC NET CP 1543-1 (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): All versions prior to 2.2
  • SIMATIC NET CP 1543SP-1 (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): All versions prior to 2.1
  • SIMATIC NET CP 1623: All versions: All versions (only affected by CVE-2019-8460)
  • SIMATIC NET CP 1628: All versions: All versions (only affected by CVE-2019-8460)
  • SIMATIC NET CP 343-1 Advanced (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): All versions (only affected by CVE-2019-8460)
  • SIMATIC NET CP 442-1 RNA: All versions (only affected by CVE-2019-8460)
  • SIMATIC NET CP 443-1 (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): All versions (only affected by CVE-2019-8460)
  • SIMATIC NET CP 443-1 Advanced (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): All versions (only affected by CVE-2019-8460)
  • SIMATIC NET CP 443-1 OPC UA: All versions (only affected by CVE-2019-8460)
  • SIMATIC NET CP 443-1 RNA: All versions (only affected by CVE-2019-8460)

--------- Begin Update I Part 1 of 2 ---------

  • SIMATIC RF185C: All versions prior to 1.3
  • SIMATIC RF186C: All versions prior to 1.3
  • SIMATIC RF186CI: All versions prior to 1.3
  • SIMATIC RF188C: All versions prior to 1.3
  • SIMATIC RF188CI: All versions prior to 1.3

--------- End Update I Part 1 of 2 ---------

  • SIMATIC RF600R: All versions
  • SIMATIC S7-1500 CPU 1518-4 PN/DP MFP (incl. SIPLUS variant): All versions
  • SIMATIC Teleserver Adapter IE Advanced: All versions
  • SIMATIC Teleserver Adapter IE Basic: All versions
  • SINEMA Remote Connect Server: All versions prior to 2.1
  • SINUMERIK 808D: All versions prior to 4.92
  • SINUMERIK 828D: All versions prior to 4.8 SP5
  • SINUMERIK 840D sl: All versions prior to 4.8 SP5
  • TIM 1531 IRC (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): All versions prior to 2.1

4.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

    4.2.1    EXCESSIVE DATA QUERY OPERATIONS IN A LARGE DATA TABLE CWE-1049

    The kernel can be forced to make very expensive calls for every incoming TCP Selective Acknowledgement (SACK) packet which can lead to a denial-of-service condition.

    CVE-2019-8460 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

      4.2.2    INTEGER OVERFLOW OR WRAPAROUND CWE-190

      The kernel is affected by an integer overflow when handling TCP Selective Acknowledgements, which could allow a remote attacker to cause a denial-of-service condition.

      CVE-2019-11477 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

      4.2.3    UNCONTROLLED RESOURCE CONSUMPTION ('RESOURCE EXHAUSTION') CWE-400

      A remote attacker sending specially crafted TCP Selective Acknowledgment (SACK) sequences may cause a denial-of-service condition.

      CVE-2019-11478 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).

      4.2.4    UNCONTROLLED RESOURCE CONSUMPTION ('RESOURCE EXHAUSTION') CWE-400

      An attacker may exploit a vulnerability in the TCP retransmission queue implementation kernel when handling TCP Selective Acknowledgements (SACK) to cause a denial-of-service condition.

      CVE-2019-11479 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.3 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).

      4.3 BACKGROUND

      • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Chemical, Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Food and Agriculture, Water and Wastewater Systems
      • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
      • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany

      4.4 RESEARCHER

      Siemens reported theses vulnerabilities to CISA.

      5. MITIGATIONS

      Siemens recommends users follow the specific workarounds and mitigations below. Siemens has also released fixes for the following products:

      --------- Begin Update I Part 2 of 2 ---------

      --------- End Update I Part 2 of 2 ---------

      • SINEMA Remote Connect Server: Update to v2.1
      • SINUMERIK 808D: Update to v4.92. The update can be obtained from a Siemens representative or via Siemens customer service.
      • SINUMERIK 828D/840D sl: Update to v4.8 SP5. The update can be obtained from a Siemens representative or via Siemens customer service.
      • TIM 1531 IRC (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): Update to v2.1 or later

      Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations that customers can apply to reduce the risk:

      • Restrict network access to affected devices
      • Apply defense-in-depth
      • For SIMATIC Teleservice Adapters (IE Basic, IE Advanced): migrate to a successor product within the SCALANCE M-800 family. For details refer to the notice of discontinuation.

      As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends users protect network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. In order to operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends users configure the environment according to Siemens’ operational guidelines for industrial security, and follow the recommendations in the product manuals. Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found at: https://www.siemens.com/industrialsecurity

      For more information, please see Siemens Security Advisory SSA-462066

      CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:

      • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
      • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolate them from the business network.
      • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as virtual private networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

      CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

      CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

      Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

      Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

      No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.


      Contact Information

      For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

      Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
      Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

      For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://www.us-cert.gov/ics 
      or incident reporting:  https://www.us-cert.gov/report

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