ICS Advisory (ICSA-19-225-03)

Siemens SCALANCE X Switches (Update C)

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 8.6
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: SCALANCE X switches
  • Vulnerability: Insufficient Resource Pool

2. UPDATE INFORMATION

This updated advisory is a follow-up to the advisory update titled ICSA-19-225-03 Siemens SCALANCE X Switches (Update B) that was published February 9, 2021, to the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov.

3. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could cause a denial-of-service condition.

4. TECHNICAL DETAILS

4.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of SCALANCE X switches are affected:

--------- Begin Update C Part 1 of 2 ---------

  • SCALANCE X-200 switch family (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): All versions prior to 5.2.5

--------- End Update C Part 1 of 2 ---------

    • SCALANCE X-200IRT switch family (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): All versions prior to 5.5.0
    • SCALANCE X-200RNA: All versions

    4.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

    4.2.1    INSUFFICIENT RESOURCE POOL CWE-410

    An attacker may send large message packages repeatedly to the telnet service, which may allow a denial-of-service condition.

    CVE-2019-10942 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.6 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:N/A:H).

    4.3 BACKGROUND

    • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Chemical, Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Food and Agriculture, and Water and Wastewater Systems
    • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
    • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany

    4.4 RESEARCHER

      Younes Dragoni and Alessandro Di Pinto from Nozomi Networks and Artem Zinenko from Kaspersky reported these vulnerability details to Siemens.

      5. MITIGATIONS

      Siemens has identified the following specific updates, workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce the risk:

      --------- Begin Update C Part 2 of 2 ---------

      --------- End Update C Part 2 of 2 ---------

        • SCALANCE X-200IRT switch family (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): Update to v5.5.0 or later.
        • Disable telnet service on affected devices. Users should use SSH instead.
        • Restrict network access to Port 23/TCP of the device.

        Siemens recommends users configure their environment according to Siemens’ operational guidelines for industrial security and follow the recommendations in the product manuals.

        Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found at:

        https://www.siemens.com/industrialsecurity

        For more information on the vulnerability and more detailed mitigation instructions, please see Siemens security advisory SSA-100232

        CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:

        • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure they are not accessible from the Internet.
        • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
        • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

        CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

        CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

        Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

        Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

        No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.


        Contact Information

        For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

        Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
        Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

        For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics 
        or incident reporting:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/report

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