All information products included in https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics are provided "as is" for informational purposes only. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not provide any warranties of any kind regarding any information contained within. DHS does not endorse any commercial product or service, referenced in this product or otherwise. Further dissemination of this product is governed by the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP) marking in the header. For more information about TLP, see https://us-cert.cisa.gov/tlp/.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 7.8
- ATTENTION: Low skill level to exploit
- Vendor: WECON Technology Co., Ltd (WECON)
- Equipment: LeviStudioU
- Vulnerabilities: Stack-based Buffer Overflow, Heap-based Buffer Overflow, Memory Corruption
2. UPDATE INFORMATION
This updated advisory is a follow-up to the original advisory titled ICSA-19-036-03 WECON LeviStudioU that was published February 5, 2019, on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov.
3. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow attackers to execute arbitrary code.
4. TECHNICAL DETAILS
4.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
--------- Begin Update A Part 1 of 2 ---------
The following versions of LeviStudioU are affected:
- LeviStudioU Versions 1.8.69 and prior
--------- End Update A Part 1 of 2 ---------
4.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
Several heap-based buffer overflow vulnerabilities have been identified, which may allow arbitrary code execution.
Multiple stack-based buffer overflow vulnerabilities may be exploited when parsing strings within project files. The process does not properly validate the length of user-supplied data prior to copying it to a fixed-length stack-based buffer. An attacker can leverage these vulnerabilities to execute code under the context of the current process.
A memory corruption vulnerability has been identified, which may allow arbitrary code execution.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Water and Wastewater Systems
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: China
Mat Powell, Ziad Badawi, and Natnael Samson working with Trend Micro’s Zero Day Initiative, reported these vulnerabilities to NCCIC.
--------- Begin Update A Part 2 of 2 ---------
WECON has produced Version 1.8.69 to fix the reported vulnerabilities in Version 1.8.56; however, exploits are still successful against this updated version. Future software updates will be made available at the following location:
For more information contact WECON customer service:
--------- End Update A Part 2 of 2 ---------
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:
- Do not click web links or open unsolicited attachments in email messages.
- Refer to Recognizing and Avoiding Email Scams for more information on avoiding email scams.
- Refer to Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing Attacks for more information on social engineering attacks.
CISA also recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as virtual private networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities are not exploitable remotely.
For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870
CISA continuously strives to improve its products and services. You can help by choosing one of the links below to provide feedback about this product.
Please share your thoughts.
We recently updated our anonymous product survey; we'd welcome your feedback.