All information products included in https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics are provided "as is" for informational purposes only. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not provide any warranties of any kind regarding any information contained within. DHS does not endorse any commercial product or service, referenced in this product or otherwise. Further dissemination of this product is governed by the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP) marking in the header. For more information about TLP, see https://us-cert.cisa.gov/tlp/.
CVSS v3 9.8
ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit.
Equipment: IP Cameras
Vulnerabilities: Improper Authentication, SQL Injection, Cross-Site Request Forgery, Improper Access Control, Server-Side Request Forgery, Cross-site Scripting
Geutebrück reports that the vulnerabilities affect the following IP cameras:
- G-Cam/EFD-2250 (part n° 5.02024) firmware version 220.127.116.11, and
- Topline TopFD-2125 (part n° 5.02820) firmware version 3.15.1
Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could lead to proxy network scans, access to a database, adding an unauthorized user to the system, full configuration download including passwords, and remote code execution.
Geutebrück recommends G-Cam/EFD-2250 users download and update to the newest firmware version, 18.104.22.168, by registering for a new WebClub account, or by logging into an existing account at the following location:
Topline users can visit the previous link for workaround advice and contact information regarding the vulnerabilities associated with the device.
NCCIC recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as virtual private networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
NCCIC reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
NCCIC also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available in the NCCIC Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies, that is available for download from the ICS-CERT website.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to NCCIC for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.
Unauthentication vulnerabilities have been identified, which may allow remote code execution.
An SQL injection vulnerability has been identified, which may allow an attacker to alter stored data.
A cross-site request forgery vulnerability has been identified, which may allow an unauthorized user to be added to the system.
An improper access control vulnerability has been identified, which could allow a full configuration download, including passwords.
A server-side request forgery vulnerability has been identified, which could lead to proxied network scans.
A cross-site scripting vulnerability has been identified, which may allow remote code execution.
Davy Douhine of RandoriSec and Nicolas Mattiocco of Greenlock reported these vulnerabilities to NCCIC.
Critical Infrastructure Sectors: Commercial Facilities, Energy, Healthcare, Financial Services and Public Health
Countries/Areas Deployed: Europe, United States, Australia
Company Headquarters Location: Windhagen, Germany
For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870
CISA continuously strives to improve its products and services. You can help by choosing one of the links below to provide feedback about this product.
Please share your thoughts.
We recently updated our anonymous product survey; we'd welcome your feedback.