All information products included in https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics are provided "as is" for informational purposes only. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not provide any warranties of any kind regarding any information contained within. DHS does not endorse any commercial product or service, referenced in this product or otherwise. Further dissemination of this product is governed by the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP) marking in the header. For more information about TLP, see https://us-cert.cisa.gov/tlp/.
CVSS v3 7.6
ATTENTION: Remotely exploitable/low skill level to exploit.
Vendor: Cambium Networks
Vulnerabilities: Improper Access Control, Improper Privilege Management
Cambium reports that the vulnerabilities affect the following ePMP Network Access Control products:
- ePMP All Models.
Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities may allow an attacker to access device configuration as well as make unauthorized changes to the product’s configuration.
Cambium recommends that users with the affected products should update to firmware version 3.4-RC7 or newer. This update can be found by logging in at the following location:
Cambium also recommends that users edit default SNMP configuration. Affected models come set with the default values of “public” and “private” for RO (read only) and RW (read write) community strings. Cambium recommends changing this to a random string consisting of eight or more characters in length, including both upper and lower case letters and numbers for variability.
NCCIC/ICS-CERT recommends that users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
ICS-CERT reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
ICS-CERT also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available in the ICS‑CERT Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies, that is available for download from the ICS-CERT web site.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to ICS-CERT for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
Exploits that target these vulnerabilities are publicly available.
After a valid user has used SNMP configuration export, an attacker is able to remotely trigger device configuration backups using specific MIBs. These backups lack proper access control and may allow access to sensitive information and possibly allow for configuration changes.
The privileges for SNMP community strings are not properly restricted, which may allow an attacker to gain access to sensitive information and possibly allow for configuration changes.
Karn Ganeshen identified these vulnerabilities.
Critical Infrastructure Sector: Information Technology
Countries/Areas Deployed: Worldwide
Company Headquarters Location: Rolling Meadows, Illinois
For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870
CISA continuously strives to improve its products and services. You can help by choosing one of the links below to provide feedback about this product.
Please share your thoughts.
We recently updated our anonymous product survey; we'd welcome your feedback.