All information products included in https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics are provided "as is" for informational purposes only. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not provide any warranties of any kind regarding any information contained within. DHS does not endorse any commercial product or service, referenced in this product or otherwise. Further dissemination of this product is governed by the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP) marking in the header. For more information about TLP, see https://us-cert.cisa.gov/tlp/.
CVSS v3 10.0
ATTENTION: Remotely exploitable/low skill level to exploit. Public exploits are available.
Vendor: Sierra Wireless
Equipment: AirLink Raven XE and XT
Vulnerabilities: Improper Authorization, Cross-Site Request Forgery, Insufficiently Protected Credentials
This advisory is a follow-up to the alert titled ICS-ALERT-16-182-01 Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven XE and XT Gateway Vulnerabilities that was published June 30, 2016, on the NCCIC/ICS-CERT web site.
The following Sierra Wireless gateways are affected:
- AirLink Raven XE, all versions prior to 4.0.14, and
- AirLink Raven XT, all versions prior to 4.0.11.
Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities may allow a remote attacker to perform unauthorized sensitive functions compromising the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the affected system.
Sierra Wireless has released new firmware versions to address the forced browsing and cross-site request forgery vulnerabilities. Sierra Wireless reports that the insufficiently protected credentials vulnerability will not be addressed.
Sierra Wireless’s Raven XE firmware Version 4.0.14, is available at the following location:
Sierra Wireless’s Raven XT firmware Version 4.0.11, is available at the following location:
Sierra Wireless has released a Technical Bulletin, which is available at the following location:
For additional information about these vulnerabilities or the recommendations provided, please contact Sierra Wireless’ security team at:
NCCIC/ICS-CERT recommends that users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
ICS-CERT reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
ICS-CERT also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available in the ICS‑CERT Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies, that is available for download from the ICS-CERT web site.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to ICS-CERT for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.
Several files and directories can be accessed without authentication, which may allow a remote attacker to perform sensitive functions including arbitrary file upload, file download, and device reboot.
Affected devices do not verify if a request was intentionally sent by the logged-in user, which may allow an attacker to trick a client into making an unintentional request to the web server that will be treated as an authentic request.
Sensitive information is insufficiently protected during transmission and vulnerable to sniffing, which could lead to information disclosure.
Independent researcher Karn Ganeshen identified and publicly released vulnerabilities in the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven XE and XT Gateways prior to coordinating with ICS-CERT; however, the researcher did initially coordinate the identified vulnerabilities with the vendor.
Critical Infrastructure Sector(s): Critical Manufacturing, Energy
Countries/Areas Deployed: Worldwide
Company Headquarters Location: British Columbia, Canada
For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870
CISA continuously strives to improve its products and services. You can help by choosing one of the links below to provide feedback about this product.
Please share your thoughts.
We recently updated our anonymous product survey; we'd welcome your feedback.